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Tai chi for medical conditions

时间:2014/2/27 16:22:48  作者:未知  来源:网络转载  查看:37  评论:0
Tai_chi_for_medical_conditions

When combined with standard treatment, tai chi appears to be helpful for several medical conditions. For example:
Arthritis. In a 40-person study at Tufts University, presented in October 2008 at a meeting of the American College of Rheumatology, an hour of tai chi twice a week for 12 weeks reduced pain and improved mood and physical functioning more than standard stretching exercises in people with severe knee osteoarthritis. According to a Korean study published in December 2008 in Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, eight weeks of tai chi classes followed by eight weeks of home practice significantly improved flexibility and slowed the disease process in patients with ankylosing spondylitis, a painful and debilitating inflammatory form of arthritis that affects the spine.
Low bone density. A review of six controlled studies by Dr. Wayne and other Harvard researchers indicates that tai chi may be a safe and effective way to maintain bone density in postmenopausal women. A controlled study of tai chi in women with osteopenia (diminished bone density not as severe as osteoporosis) is under way at the Osher Research Center and Boston's Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center.
Breast cancer. Tai chi has shown potential for improving quality of life and functional capacity (the physical ability to carry out normal daily activities, such as work or exercise) in women suffering from breast cancer or the side effects of breast cancer treatment. For example, a 2008 study at the University of Rochester, published in Medicine and Sport Science, found that quality of life and functional capacity (including aerobic capacity, muscular strength, and flexibility) improved in women with breast cancer who did 12 weeks of tai chi, while declining in a control group that received only supportive therapy.
Heart disease. A 53-person study at National Taiwan University found that a year of tai chi significantly boosted exercise capacity, lowered blood pressure, and improved levels of cholesterol, triglycerides, insulin, and C-reactive protein in people at high risk for heart disease. The study, which was published in the September 2008 Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, found no improvement in a control group that did not practice tai chi.
Heart failure. In a 30-person pilot study at Harvard Medical School, 12 weeks of tai chi improved participants' ability to walk and quality of life. It also reduced blood levels of B-type natriuretic protein, an indicator of heart failure. A 150-patient controlled trial is under way.
Hypertension. In a review of 26 studies in English or Chinese published in Preventive Cardiology (Spring 2008), Dr. Yeh reported that in 85% of trials, tai chi lowered blood pressure — with improvements ranging from 3 to 32 mm Hg in systolic pressure and from 2 to 18 mm Hg in diastolic pressure.
Parkinson's disease. A 33-person pilot study from Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, published in Gait and Posture (October 2008), found that people with mild to moderately severe Parkinson's disease showed improved balance, walking ability, and overall well-being after 20 tai chi sessions.
Sleep problems. In a University of California, Los Angeles, study of 112 healthy older adults with moderate sleep complaints, 16 weeks of tai chi improved the quality and duration of sleep significantly more than standard sleep education. The study was published in the July 2008 issue of the journal Sleep.
Stroke. In 136 patients who'd had a stroke at least six months earlier, 12 weeks of tai chi improved standing balance more than a general exercise program that entailed breathing, stretching, and mobilizing muscles and joints involved in sitting and walking. Findings were published in the January 2009 issue of Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair.
太极拳的医疗条件

当与标准治疗,太极有利于医疗条件。比如说呢。

关节炎。在一个40人的研究在塔夫斯大学,2008十月在美国风湿病学会的一次会议上提出的,一个小时的太极每周两次12周减少疼痛和改善情绪和身体的运作,超过标准的伸展运动有严重膝关节骨性关节炎的人。根据补充和替代医学证据在2008十二月发表了韩国的一项研究,八周的太极班后八周家的实践明显提高灵活性和降低患者的疾病过程,强直性脊柱炎,痛苦和虚弱的关节炎影响脊柱炎症形式。

低骨密度。韦恩博士和哈佛大学的研究人员回顾六的对照研究表明,太极拳是一种安全有效的方式来维持绝经后妇女的骨密度。对照研究太极拳在妇女骨量减少(减少骨密度不严重骨质疏松)正在研究中心的Osher和波士顿的贝斯以色列女执事医疗中心。

乳腺癌。太极已经显示出改善的生活质量和功能的能力的潜在(进行正常的日常活动,如工作或锻炼身体的能力)在患乳腺癌或乳腺癌治疗的副作用的妇女。例如,2008在罗切斯特大学进行的研究,发表在医学和运动科学,发现生命的质量和功能的能力(包括有氧代谢能力,肌肉力量,和灵活性)在乳腺癌患者谁做了12周的太极妇女改善,而只接受支持疗法,对照组下降。

心脏病。在台湾大学的一项研究发现,53的人一年太极拳可以显著提高运动能力,降低血压,并改善胆固醇,甘油三酯,胰岛素,并在心脏疾病的高风险人群C-反应蛋白。研究,并发表在九月2008补充替代医学杂志,发现在一个控制组不练太极拳没有改善。

心力衰竭。在一个30人的试验研究,在哈佛医学院,12周的太极拳提高参与者的步行能力和生活质量。它也降低血液B型钠尿蛋白水平,心脏衰竭的一个指标。150例患者的对照试验是在。

高血压。在26项研究中英文发表在预防心脏病的回顾(2008春),叶博士报道,在85%的试验中,太极降低与改进范围从3到32毫米汞柱的收缩压从2到18毫米汞柱,舒张压血压。

帕金森氏病。在圣路易斯的华盛顿大学医学院的一个33人的研究,发表在步态和姿势(十月2008),发现有轻度至中度帕金森病表现出改进的平衡,行走能力,并在20太极班总体幸福感。

睡眠问题。在加利福尼亚大学,洛杉矶,中度睡眠投诉的112名健康老年人的研究,16周的太极拳改善睡眠的质量和睡眠时间明显比标准的教育。这项研究发表在睡眠杂志七月2008期。

中风。136的患者会在至少六个月前患了中风,12周的太极拳改善站立平衡比一般的运动项目,需要呼吸,伸展肌肉和关节,并动员参与坐和行走。研究结果发表在神经康复与神经修复一月发行2009。


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